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Turkey


Turkey

Ottoman Army and Navy

1913 to 1915


Main

Rudder

The first style of Ottoman national markings was introduced in March 1913, and consisted of a White crescent and star on a Red background. There were many variations in the size, orientation and style of both the crescent and star. Serial numbers were applied on the fuselage side in Black Arabic numerals. On early named machines, the name was carried on the front of the cowling in Arabic script.


Main (variant)

Rudder (variant)

Ottoman Navy

1914 to 1916


Main

Rudder

A Red/White/Red roundel was also used for a brief period on some Ottoman Naval Air Service machines between 1914 and 1916, but this was of necessity short lived once WWI had broken out. Serial numbers were applied on the fuselage side in Black Arabic numerals.

Ottoman Army

1915 to 1916


Main

A number of German supplied machines operated for a short period using German national markings consisting of a Black Iron Cross on a White square.

Ottoman Army and Navy

1916 to 1918


Main

The most frequently used Ottoman marking of WWI is the Black square with a White outline. This was easily applied on German machines, needing only the overpainting of German Iron Cross. These markings also followed standard the German practice of being applied on the fuselage in addition to other positions. The Ottoman Army applied serial numbers in the top right hand corner of the White outline of the fuselage marking in Latin script . Naval serial numbers were applied on the fuselage side in Black Arabic numerals.

Example: Fokker E.I/E.II/E.III/E.IV Eindecker


Main (variant)

Ottoman markings were sometimes applied without the White border. This has most often been noted on captured machines. Some German supplied machines that may not have had a White outline on the lower wing surface Iron Cross were similarly marked.

Turkish Army and Navy

1918 to 1928


Main

Rudder

Rudder (variant)

Red replaced Black in the national markings used by the new Turkish Republic. Initially, markings were used on the wings, fuselage and tail. Frequently a serial number would be applied with the Red square on the fuselage. This was generally in a Latin script, though Arabic serials have been noted on some machines. Some machines also used a fin flash that spanned the whole chord.

Example: SPAD S.XII/XIII


Main (variant)

Rudder (variant)

The post-war Turkish Republic air arm used this Red roundel with a White crescent and star briefly. Photographic evidence exists of a Pfalz D.XII bearing these markings.

1928 to 1945


Main

Rudder

The Turkish air arms gradually dispense with the fuselage marking in this period and appeared to standardise the application of the tail star and crescent orientation. Some types, though, continued to utilise fuselage markings. Serial numbers were used in either Black or White on the fuselage sides. During WW2, several fighter types dispensed with wing national markings on their upper wings.

Example: Bristol Blenheim/Bisley/Bolingbroke

Turkish Air Force

1945 to 1972


Main

Tailfin

Fuselage squares were reintroduced after WW2, alongside a fuselage applied serial number. Tail markings consisted of a fin flash of the Turkish flag. This did not take up the full chord of the fin.

Example: North American F-86A/E/F/H Sabre
Example: Republic F-84F Thunderstreak

1972 to Present


Main

Tailfin

Red/White/Red roundels were introduced in 1972 to avoid misidentification with Soviet aircraft (at speed the Red square could be mistaken for a Red star!). Serial numbers were applied a a smaller size, and often appeared on the tail under the fin flash.

Example: Lockheed F-104 Starfighter
Example: Mc.Donnell Douglas F-4 Phantom 2


Last update: 05/08/2013
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