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Croatia

Croatian Air Force

1941 to 1945


Wings (lower surfaces)

Tail and upper right wing

An official directive issued on 20 May of 1941 established the Sahovnica as the national insignia of the newly created Croatian air force. This consisted of a shield with twenty-five white and red squares arranged alternatively in five rows, with the first square being white. This insignia was to be carried on the upper surface of the starboard wing, both wings undersides, and on both sides of the tail. This marking was usually applied with a thin black or red outline.

Example: Morane-Saulnier MS.405/406/410


Wings (upper surfaces)

Fuselage & Wings (lower surfaces)

Tail


4.Zrakoplovstvo Skupina (Bf.109)

5.Zrakoplovstvo Skupina (Do.17)

Although nominally part of the Croatian air force, the Hrvatska Zrakoplovna Legija - HZL (Croatian Air Legion) was integrated within the Luftwaffe and under German command. The aircraft of these units carried full German markings, only the ustasa emblem applied under the cockpit denoted the nationality of the crews. In the case of the fighters of 4. Zrakoplovstvo Skupina , or 15(Kroat)./JG52, the insignia was adorned by stylized white (or silver) wings with a thin red (sometimes black) outline.

Example: Dornier Do.17/Do.215
Example: Messerschmitt Bf.109G Gustav

1945


Fuselage & Wings

Tail

On 24 February of 1945, a stylized clover leaf in the shape of a cross, known as the Zvonimir's Cross, was adopted as the new national marking. This black cross insignia rested on a clearly German-inspired white cross with black outline. It was applied in the six standard positions, except that the fuselage cross was situated in a mid-position, just behind the cockpit. The tail coat-of-arms, complete with ustasa 'U' and knotwork, was carried on both sides of the fin, taking up to 2/3 of its cord, so most of the times it extended onto the rudder itself.

Example: Messerschmitt Bf.109G Gustav
Example: Messerschmitt Bf.110

1945 to 1991

On 29th November 1945 Croatia become part of Yugoslavian and did't have its own air force.

1991 to 1993


Fuselage & Wings

Tail

A new Croatian Air Force (Hrvatsko Ratno Zrakoplovsto) was created in late 1991 after the former Yugoslav republic declared its independence. The new Croatian state coat-of-arms was adopted as the national marking on the fuselage sides and upper port wing, while the national flag was carried on the tail as fin flash. Note the five Croat regions 'shield crown' added to the Sahovnica and that the first square is now red, not white.

Example: MiG MiG-21/J-7 Fishbed/Mongol

1993 to Present


Fuselage & Wings

Tail

New national markings were introduced by the HRZ between June and August of 1993. A dark blue roundel with two red squares set diagonally was applied in the six standard positions (only on the fuselage sides on helicopters), while the state coat-of-arms, which had been previously used as a roundel, was now carried on both sides of the tail. Since the end of the war with Serbia in 1995, the Croatian air force has been renamed HZS - Hrvatske Zracne Snage.

Example: Soko J-20/P-2 Kraguj
Example: Mil Mi-8/Mi-17/Mi-18 Hip

by Stephen Sender


Last update: 05/08/2013
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